Tips & Guides
Union of Myanmar
Departure tax for international flights is US$ 10.- payable in US
currency or FECs (Foreign Exchange Certificates). No departure tax
for domestic flights. (subject to change without notice).
Tropical, generally hot and humid cooler in hill areas.
Coolest months: November-February (average temperatures 15-24 C).
Hottest months: March-May (average temperatures 25-33 C). Monsoon,
rainy months: May-September.
The Myanmar currency is Kyat (pronouced 'Chat'). The official exchange
rate s around 6 Kyat to US$ 1.- The unofficial rate can be as high
as 380 Kyat to the dollar. A compromise on exchange rates is possible
for foreign visitors, who may exchange US$, Pound Sterling, Yen,
French Franc, German Marc and Swiss Franc and Foreign Exchange Certificates
(FECs) at the rate of 100 FEC to the US$ (daily rate for the other
currencies) at Yangon (Rangoon) International airport on arrival.
There are now several authorized money changers in Yangon who will
change US$ (no other currencies) into FEC and Kyat at market rate
(subject to change without notice). We strongly recommend to bring
along US$ cash in small demoninations. Many hotels and restaurants
require payment in US$ or FEC, and FECs are also usually acceptedin
shops. International credit cards and travellers cheques are not
widely used. Only leading hotels and restaurants will accepted Amerian
Express, Visa card. Master Card is not accepted in Myanmar. Individual
(FIT) travellers are required to exchange US$ 200.- into FECs on
arrival in Myanmar. Group tour travelers are not subject to this
requirement and need exchange only sufficient money to cover personal
expenses, such as drinks, souvenirs, etc.
& FORMALITIES ON ARRIVAL
Regulations are now generally relaxed for tourist travellers arriving
by air in Yangon (Rangoon). Visitors should have completed immigration
and customs declaration form during the flight and must submit these
on arrival. All foreign currency (in excess of US$ 2,000.-), travellers
cheques, jewelry, cameras, etc. must be recorded on the customs
form and may be checked on departure. No Myanmar currency may be
imported nor exported. In the arrival hall our representative will
display a sign with your name for easy recognition. Duty free allowance
is 200 cigarettes and one litre of wine or spirit. Note that export
of antique, Buddha images and gems without official dealer's receipt,
is strictly prohibited. Baggage may be X-rayed or inspected before
departure. It is not permitted to bring mobile phones into the country,
even if they are not connectable to international networks such
as GSM, they will be confiscated upon arrival at Yangon International
Airport and released only upon departure.
220 Volts / AC 50 cycles
Burmese cuisine uses rice or noodles as staple dishes, usually served
with a variety of side dishes curries with meat or fish, vegetable,
salads, soup, condiments, etc. Curries tend to be less chilli-hot
than Thai versions. Chinese, Thai, Indian restaurants are also found
in major cities, but European cuisine is mostly confined to major
hotels are present. In order to give travellers a true feeling for
the country and its diverse regional gastronomic variations, we
feature interesting local restuarants whenever possible in the itineraries.
These are carefully selected, for hygiene as well as gastronomic
considerations. In some country areas, however, dining opportunities
are still very limited. Travellers are advised against eating from
street or market stalls, however tempting these may seem.
Never drink tap water - purified, bottoled water is available everywhere.
Use an insect repellant against mosquitoes, especially in upcountry
and forested areas. A hat and high-factor block cream is advisable
as protection against the hot tropical sun when sightseeing. Casual
and light clothing is required, preferably natural fibers, year-round,
but a sweater or jacket may be useful in hill areas, particularly
during winter months, when evenings can be quiee cool. A windproof
jacket is essential when touring the Inle Lake from November to
February. An umbrella or raincoat is essential if visiting during
the monsoon months (May-September).
should take adequate supplies of any prescription medicines they
may need, as supplies may not be available locally. A spare pair
of eye glasses, if worn, is also advisable. Useful too, is a flash
light, for exploring caves or details of temple interiors which
are often not properly illuminated. Mynamar hospitals are generally
not up to international, western standards. Take plenty of film,
as lcoally available supplies are not always reliable. Photography
in airports, railway stations and near any military installation
is forbidden. Please use discretion when photographing people, especially
tribal people, who may have superstitions against this. For close-up
shots always ask first.
are required to dress decently within the precints of religious
buildings. Ladies should not wear shsorts or bra-less T-shirts in
such places. Shoes and socks/stockings MUST always be removed at
pagodas and monasteries. Shoulders and knees should be covered.
Disregard of these rules causes serious cultural and religious offence
to the devout Myanmar people. Visitors are advised to ignore touts
who may approach them to exchange foreign currency, or to sell gems
of dubious quality. Such offers, although apparently attractive,
are breaking strict laows. Begging is not widespread in Myanmar
and visitors are requested not to encourage development of this
practice by giving money, sweets, etc. to children. If travellers
wish to contribute to say, a village community, gifts should be
directed to the local school teach or headman. Contributions can
also be arranged to recognized local charities.
No vaccinations are officially required for a visit to Myanmar,
but malaria prphylaxis is recommended and, if travelling to remote
or border areas, travelers should check with their doctor or a travel
immunization clinic regarding the advisability of inoculation against
typhoid, hepatitis, tetanus and Japanese encephali.
GMT +6 1/2 hours
Visitors to Myanmar must have a valid passport and obtain a 28-day
Tourist Visa from a Myanmar embassy or diplomatic mission abroad.
Two application forms and three passport-size photos will be needed.
Fee is approximately US$ 20.- in local currency. We will provide
you with a letter to be handedover to the embassy which states that
the tour has been pre-arranged and therefore is considered an "EVT
Package Tour" which will then be stamped in to the passport.
This will avoid the necessity of having to exchange US$ 200 into
Foreign Exchange Certificates upon arrival at Yangon (Rangoon) airport.
Clients may obtain their visas in Bangkok through our office, by
supplying actual passport, three passport photos and a visa fee
of US$ 28 per person two working days before the date of tour departure.
Best buys include lacquerwares, silve, wood and stone carvings,
hand-wove silks and cottons, gems, 'Kalaga' embroidered tapestries,
traditional puppets and tribal handicrafts. Jewelry is generally
not up to international stadnards for design and workmanship and
buyers should check that 'gold' is not, in fact gilded silver. All
gem and jewerly purchases should be made through a government authorized
dealer, who must issue an official receipt, which is required for
export of such items. Bargaining is essential for all souvenir shopping,
if travellers are to obtain reasonable prices. Possible price reductions
of up to 50% are not uncommon.
Widely practiced, in additional to hotel and restaurant service
charges shown on bills. Porters, Kyat 20.- to 30.- per bag. At airports,
porters charge Kyat 50.- per bag.